Procedural Right in a Collective Agreement

Procedural Rights in a Collective Agreement: An Overview

Collective bargaining is the process by which employees negotiate with their employer for better wages, working conditions, and other benefits. A collective agreement is a legal document that outlines the terms and conditions of the employment relationship between the employer and the employees represented by a union. One of the key components of a collective agreement is procedural rights, which govern how disputes between the parties are resolved.

Procedural rights refer to the way in which disputes between the employer and the union are dealt with under the collective agreement. These rights are important because they provide a fair and transparent process for resolving disputes. Two of the most important procedural rights are the grievance procedure and arbitration.

Grievance Procedure

The grievance procedure is a formal process for resolving disputes between the employer and the union. It is usually outlined in the collective agreement and provides a series of steps that the parties must follow to resolve disputes. The purpose of the grievance procedure is to provide an efficient and effective way to resolve disputes without the need for costly and time-consuming litigation.

Under the grievance procedure, an employee or the union may file a complaint with the employer. The complaint must be in writing and must outline the specific issue or dispute. The employer has a certain amount of time to respond to the complaint, and if they fail to do so, the grievance may be escalated to the next level.

The grievance procedure typically involves a series of steps, each with its own timeline and requirements. For example, the first step may involve a meeting between the employee, the union representative, and the employer. If the issue is not resolved at this stage, it may be escalated to a higher level, such as a hearing or arbitration.


Arbitration is a process for resolving disputes between the employer and the union that cannot be resolved through the grievance procedure. It involves a neutral third party, known as an arbitrator, who hears evidence and makes a decision on the dispute. The decision of the arbitrator is binding on both the employer and the union.

Arbitration is typically faster and less costly than litigation, and it provides a fair and impartial way to resolve disputes. It is often used when the parties are unable to resolve a dispute through the grievance procedure, or when the dispute is particularly complex or contentious.


Procedural rights are an important aspect of a collective agreement. They provide a fair and transparent process for resolving disputes between the employer and the union. The grievance procedure and arbitration are two of the most important procedural rights, and they play a crucial role in ensuring that employees are treated fairly and that their rights are protected. As a professional, it is important to understand the significance of procedural rights in a collective agreement and ensure that any content related to this topic is accurate and easy to understand.

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